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Parents and GrandParents Program

Parent and Grandparent Program: Reuniting Families in Canada

The Parent and Grandparent Program in Canada is a sponsorship program that allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their parents and grandparents to become permanent residents of Canada. The process involves two applications: the sponsorship application and the permanent residence application.

What is the Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship Program?

The Parent Grandparent Program is a family sponsorship program that allows eligible Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their parents or grandparents to become permanent residents of Canada. The program recognizes the importance of family reunification in creating a strong and integrated society and offers a pathway for older generations to join their families in Canada.

The Role of the Parent Grandparent Program in Family Sponsorship

 

The Parent Grandparent Program is a significant part of Canada's family sponsorship initiatives. It complements other family sponsorship programs, such as spousal sponsorship and child sponsorship, by allowing extended family members to reunite with their families in Canada.

Family sponsorship, including parent grandparent sponsorship, plays a crucial role in Canada's immigration system. It not only strengthens familial bonds but also contributes to the social and economic fabric of the country. By allowing for the sponsorship of parents and grandparents, the program recognizes the value of family unity and the role of extended family in providing social support, childcare, and contributing to community life.

Who can you sponsor under the Parent and Grandparent Program?

  • You can sponsor your own parents and grandparents, related by blood or adoption.

  • If your parents/grandparents are divorced or separated, you can them and their spouses, or conjugal or common-law partners.

  • You are only allowed to include additional applicants such as your brothers and sisters, or half brothers and sisters, if they qualify as dependent children.

  • If your sponsorship application includes more than 1 person or couple, you will need to provide proof of income/funds requirements for all the people you want sponsor and their dependents (spouse, partner and children).

    • Please note:

      • All Applicants included in your sponsorship application must meet the eligibility requirements.

 

What is the process to apply for sponsorship under the Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP)?

 

This is a 2-step application:

  1. Application and approval of the sponsor

  2. Application and approval of the applicant(s).

 

You need to follow the following steps:

  1. Submit a interest to sponsor form. IRCC randomly selects candidates to apply to sponsor their parents or grandparents. Think of it more as a lottery system.

  2. Receive an invitation to apply. In 2020, IRCC sent ITA’s to 10000 potential sponsors.

  3. Prepare the application. This step comes into effect once you receive an ITA. After securing an ITA, you need to prepare your application package for submission.

  4. Pay the applicable fee. Depending on your situation, the following fees need to be paid:

    1. Application Processing fee – C$500.00

    2. Right to Permanent Residence – C$550.00

    3. Biometrics Fee (if applicable to you) – C$85.00

    4. Medical Exam – As applicable

    5. Police Certificate (PCC) – As applicable

  5. Application Submission – After you receive an ITA, you will have 60 days to submit your completed application.

  6. Additional information – If IRCC needs more information or further clarification, they will contact you or the same and you will need to provide the specified information.

 

Once IRCC approves your eligibility as a sponsor, they will then evaluate the applicant(s). If either of you are found ineligible, your application may be refused and a reason for refusal provided by the IRCC. Once your application package is received by an assessing officer, they will check for completeness of the package, appropriate fees paid, whether you were actually sent an ITA and you submitted the application before the deadline.

 

If for any of the above-mentioned reasons or others, the assessing officer is not satisfied, they will return it to you. But once they begin your application, they will share an application number and acknowledgment of receipt. This means that they have now begun the process of determining eligibility of the sponsor as well as the applicant(s).

How long does it take to process the Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP) application?

The processing time varies between 20-24 months.

Who is eligible to sponsor a parent or grandparent?

 

As a sponsor, under this category, you can only sponsor your own parents or grand parents and need to meet the following eligibility criteria. As a sponsor you must:

  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident of Canada, or a registered Indian under the Canadian Indian Act;

  • Be 18 years of age or older;

  • Be able to provide sufficient proof that you reside/live in Canada;

  • Provide sufficient proof of funds to support the persons you want to sponsor.

  • Sign an undertaking to financially support the sponsored for 20 years (starting when they become permanent residents); and

  • to repay any social assistance benefits paid to the sponsored family members (if applicable) for a period of 20 years.

 

Refer to the LICO table below to ascertain proof of funds requirement.

Who is not eligible sponsor a parent or grandparent?

 

You are not eligible to sponsor your parents and grandparents if: 

  • you are below the age of 18 years old

  • you are not able to convince the assessing officer that you intend to live in Canada when you apply to sponsor your parents and grandparents and/or when your parents and grandparents become permanent residents

    • Your primary residential address must be in Canada when you submit your application and until a decision on your application is made.

  • you are not a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act

  • you are in Canada as a temporary resident (visitor, student or work permit holder in Canada)

  • your permanent residence application is still in process

    • You must have permanent resident status at the time you submit your sponsorship application.

  • your proof of income shows you don’t have enough money to support the persons you want to sponsor

 

You may not be eligible to sponsor your parents and grandparents if you:

  • are in jail, prison, or penitentiary

  • didn’t pay back:

    • an immigration loan

    • a performance bond

    • court-ordered family support payments such as alimony or child support 

  • didn’t give the financial support you agreed to when you signed a sponsorship agreement to sponsor someone else in the past

  • declared bankruptcy and are not discharged 

  • receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability

  • were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence inside or outside Canada

  • can’t legally stay in Canada and must leave the country because you received a Removal Order

Parent and grandparent program in 2023

The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) is a popular immigration pathway in Canada, allowing Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their parents and grandparents to immigrate to the country. However, the program is highly competitive and the exact process for 2023 is not yet known.

In the past, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has used a lottery system to randomly select interested sponsors and provide them with an Invitation to Apply (ITA) through the PGP. The last PGP lottery took place in October 2022, and there are currently around 155,000 potential sponsors remaining in the pool of candidates who submitted an expression of interest back in the Fall of 2020.

 

The latest Immigration Levels Plan for 2023-2025 indicates that Canada is aiming to welcome over 28,000 parents and grandparents in each of the next three years. The exact targets for parents and grandparents under family immigration are:

  • 2023: 28,500

  • 2024: 34,000

  • 2025: 36,000

 

For those who find the PGP too competitive, the Super Visa program provides an alternative. Unlike the PGP, which is open for roughly two weeks per year, the Super Visa is available year-round. It allows parents and grandparents sponsored by Canadian citizens or PRs to visit their family in Canada for up to five years at a time without a visa renewal. The Super Visa provides different visa extension opportunities that enable sponsored individuals to remain in Canada for up to seven years and grants multi-entry to Canada for up to 10 years.

 

In January 2023, the PGP welcomed 2,065 new permanent residents, a significant increase compared to 1,300 in January of 2022. In 2023, Canada hopes to bring 28,500 permanent residents under the PGP. In 2022, 27,255 permanent residents to Canada arrived through the PGP, which was 132% more than the 11,740 in 2021.

 

Please note that the information is subject to change as the Canadian government has not yet (as of 15 Jan 2023) released the exact details of the PGP for 2023.

The Importance of the Parent Grandparent Program

The Parent Grandparent Program holds a significant place in Canada's immigration system. It's not just about bringing families together; the Parent Grandparent Program also contributes to the cultural diversity and social fabric of Canadian society. When parents and grandparents come to Canada through the Parent Grandparent Program, they bring with them their rich cultural heritage, traditions, and values, enriching the multicultural mosaic of Canada.

The Parent Grandparent Program and Economic Impact

The economic impact of the Parent Grandparent Program is often overlooked. Parents and grandparents, though they might not participate directly in the workforce, contribute significantly to the economy. Through the Parent Grandparent Program, they often provide unpaid childcare, allowing their children to pursue full-time employment. The Parent Grandparent Program, therefore, indirectly contributes to economic productivity.

The Parent Grandparent Program and Emotional Well-being

The emotional benefits of the Parent Grandparent Program are immeasurable. The Parent Grandparent Program allows for the reunion of families, fostering emotional well-being, and creating a supportive environment for both the younger and older generations. The joy and emotional security that the Parent Grandparent Program brings to families are invaluable.

The Parent Grandparent Program and Community Engagement

The Parent Grandparent Program also encourages community engagement. Parents and grandparents sponsored through the Parent Grandparent Program often play active roles in their local communities, participating in community events, volunteering, and forming social connections. The Parent Grandparent Program, therefore, helps build stronger, more connected communities.

The Parent Grandparent Program and Future Generations

The impact of the Parent Grandparent Program extends to future generations as well. Children who grow up with their grandparents often have a better understanding of their cultural heritage and family history. The Parent Grandparent Program, therefore, plays a role in preserving cultural heritage and passing it on to future generations.

The Parent Grandparent Program and Immigration Policy

The Parent Grandparent Program is a reflection of Canada's inclusive immigration policy. By including parents and grandparents in its family sponsorship initiatives, Canada recognizes the importance of extended family in creating a supportive and integrated society. The Parent Grandparent Program is, therefore, a key pillar of Canada's family-centered immigration policy.

On what grounds can my parent and grandparent sponsorship application be refused or rejected?

All applications are based on the information you provided to the IRCC. The onus of proof of authenticity always lies on the applicant. If the immigration officer believes that you have provided incorrect information or have not submitted enough proof to verify your claims, they may ask for addition clarification or reject your application.

Here are some of the common reasons that your application might be rejected for:

  1. INELIGIBILITY 

If you do not meet the basic requirements of the program or category you applied for, your application may be denied.

 

 2. MISREPRESENTATION

This is considered a very serious offence with the IRCC. If an applicant is found misrepresenting on their application to immigrate to Canada, they can be deemed inadmissible to Canada. Common examples of misrepresentation are: 

  • Fake documentation - Education, work experience or any other illegitimate documents.

  • Inadmissibility of family members - If 1 or more of your family members are inadmissible to Canada, then you may be charged with misrepresentation and inadmissible.

  •  Marriage of Convenience - Fake marriages just to for Canadian immigration or failure to declare information about your spouse - like divorce, separation or custody of children etc.

 

 3. MEDICAL GROUNDS

Canada's health care system is considered one of the best in the world. And it is paid for by the government. Therefore, if during your medical exams, it is ascertained that your medical condition:

  • is going to affect the overall health of the Canadian citizens OR 

  • result in an excessive demand on the Canadian health care and social services.

 

 4. CRIMINALITY

This is self-explanatory. If you or any other member of your application or family has a criminal background for  which you have not already finished rehabilitation, your application will be denied. Every applicant has to submit a clean criminal record certificate for every country they have lived in for over 6 months since the day they turned 18. 

 

 5. FINANCIAL REASONS

As part of the Visa application process for Canada, every applicant needs to submit proof of financial capability. Failure to do so will result in your application being refused. You need to show that you will be able to support all accompanying or non-accompanying family members as part of your immigration application.

 

 6. INCOMPLETE or INCORRECT DOCUMENTATION

Most applications for Canadian immigration are electronic, yet there are some that are paper based as well. If you are unable to provide the correct documents, complete documents or provide all documents in the time-frame specified, your application may be refused. It is advisable to include all documents provided in the document checklist for every application.

 

 7. TIMELINES

The Canadian immigration department receives thousands of applications for every program. In order to maintain efficiency in evaluation and outcome, it is important that applicants abide by the time lines provided in the application package. Failure to do so will result in delays of refusal. The best practice is to keep all your documents ready before you apply and submit your application for immigration to Canada.

How Can I Avoid a Canadian Immigration Refusal?

Refusal or denial can be painful and stressful. Most people think that they know what they're doing and will do it right. Not all of them can actually claim that they will not make a mistake. Immigration applications to Canada are a 1-time opportunity. A mistake can lead to irreparable damage to your profile. Therefore, you may want to consider hiring a professional immigration consultant who has the knowledge and expertise in matters of Canadian immigration laws. 

Contact us now to connect with our Regulated Canadian  Immigration Consultant (RCIC) now.

  • What are the Language Requirements for Express Entry to Canada?
    To be eligible for Express Entry, you must prove your English or French language ability: take an approved language test (IELTS - G or CELPIP-G) get the minimum results required by your program include the results when you complete your Express Entry profile First official language Minimum level for all four (Listening, Writing, Speaking, Reading) abilities English - CLB 7 French - NCLC7 Second official language: Minimum level of CLB or NCLC 5.
  • What is a Valid Job offer for Immigration to Canada?
    A valid job offer for Express Entry is one which is: full-time and non-seasonal, for at least one year, in a skilled job listed as Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B in the 2016 National Occupational Classification. is supported by a positive LMIA from the ESDC. A job offer must be in writing, and must set out details of the job they are offering you, such as: your pay and deductions your job duties conditions of employment, like your hours of work.
  • If i have a valid job offer, how many additional points do i get?"
    The points can range from an additional 50–200 points, depending on the type of job offer you receive.
  • Can i make changes to my Express Entry Profile?
    If your profile was found eligible for the pool, you can still update it after you’ve submitted it. On the other hand, if your profile is found ineligible, you won’t be able to make changes to your profile. You’ll have to create a new profile. Be sure to do so if your circumstances have changed and you now have enough points to qualify.
  • Do I need a job offer for Express Entry?
    You do not require a job offer for Express Entry. Additional points for job offers are only awarded to candidates who have a valid and positive LMIA based job offer from an approved Canadian employer. Simply having a job offer won't gain you any additional points. It needs to be LMIA approved.
  • What is the fee requirement to apply for Express Entry for Canada?
    Language tests: Average cost – $300 per test. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Average cost – $200 Biometrics: $85 per person Government fees: $1,325 per adult & $225 per child Medical examination fees: average cost – $450 per adult & $250 per child Police clearance certificates varies with country of residence. You need to provide police clearance certificates for all countries where you have resided for more than 6 months since turning 18 years of age.
  • How many points do I need to immigrate to Canada through express entry?
    You need to score a minimum of 67 points to be eligible to apply through the Express Entry system for permanent immigration to Canada.
  • What is the age limit to apply for permanent residence in Canada?
    There is no specific age limit requirement for any Canadian immigration program.If you are between 25-35 years of age, you score maximum points for that selection factor. Once you cross that age, you start to lose points in the selection factors.
  • Can I have 2 express entry profiles?
    No, you cannot have two Express Entry applications for the same applicant at the same time. However, if you are married, you can submit an application under your spouse if they are eligible.
  • Is ielts mandatory for spouse in express entry?
    A language test report for your spouse is a not mandatory requirement while submitting express entry application. However, your spouse's language skills can earn your additional points.
  • How long is my IELTS test result valid for Canadian immigration purposes?
    Your language test results are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. If your results expire before you submit your application, you should take the test again.
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